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What examinations should patients with hypertension do?

2017-11-21 09:54

Hypertension is a disease threatening human life. Long term in high blood pressure, patients often complicated with heart, brain, kidney and other substantive organs damage. The common complications in patients with hypertension include arteriosclerotic retinopathy, left ventricular hypertrophy, coronary heart disease, heart failure, cerebral arteriosclerosis.

In the 5 years history of hypertension can occur renal damage, patients at early stage only with nocturia increased,and then following the onset of proteinuria, inpidual cases may transient hematuria due to capillary rupture, but without obvious pain. The progression of renal impairment is slow, and most of the patients show mild impairment of renal function and abnormal urine routine. Hypertension patients with nephropathy, patients may not be aware of early, in the interaction between hypertension and kidney disease, hypertension patients will quickly enter the uremic phase.

Therefore, for patients with hypertension, the prevention of hypertension nephropathy is particularly important, in addition to regular detection of blood pressure, but also should do other relevant laboratory tests regularly.

1. regular examination of renal function, including endogenous creatinine clearance rate, serum creatinine, urea nitrogen, it is best to check once every two months.

2. routine urine routine test, if the urine protein positive, should consider the possibility of hypertensive nephropathy.

3. if there is a close observation of the early symptoms of uremia, such as fatigue, backache leg soft weakness, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting and other gastrointestinal symptoms, sallow complexion, lips and eyelids pale and anemia. Once the relevant symptoms, renal function should be timely inspection, to confirm that there is no abnormal.

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