How should a patient with edema adjust the diet?2017-11-07 17:26
For patients with nephropathy, edema is a common symptom in their body. Symptoms of mild patients may only be slightly swollen in the eyes and limbs, but patients with severe edema, they will appear pulmonary edema and ascites.
In addition to receiving treatment, it is important for patients to regulate their own health in life. And the influence of diet on the health of patients is very obvious, then, for patients with edema, how should they adjust their diet?
1. Reduce the intake of salt
An important cause of edema is the retention of water and sodium in the patient. Sodium plays an important role in regulating the osmotic pressure of extracellular fluid. If there is too much sodium in the body, the water in the cell is more likely to flow outside the cell in osmotic pressure, thereby exacerbating the edema. The main source of sodium is our intake of salt, so reducing the intake of salt is important for controlling edema.
For healthy people, the daily intake of salt is generally 3 to 5 grams. But if the patient has obvious edema, can be adjusted on this basis appropriate.
2. Control the intake of water
Drinking water is good for patients with kidney disease, but for patients with significant edema, you need to control the intake of water. Because when the kidneys can not be discharged from the body when the water, it accumulates in the body of the patient and causes edema. In general, for patients with obvious edema, their total water requirement is the urine volume of yesterday plus 500 ml..
3. Increase the intake of potassium
Because potassium has the effect of regulating intracellular fluid. Therefore, for patients without metabolic disorders of potassium, the appropriate increase in potassium intake can increase their intracellular fluid osmotic pressure, which can reduce their symptoms of edema.
Many tea has the role of diuretic, so tea for edema patients have the effect of swelling. In addition, the Chinese medicine in the dandelion, plantago, Polyporus, Poria, and so also has the effect of diuretic. However, whether it is tea or cite Chinese medicine decoction need to consult the views of experts, because for some patients, casually drink these may bring a lot of drawbacks.
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