7 major principles of kidney disease diet, change the origin2017-09-21 17:12
Many people with kidney diseases have a smattering of diet, such as low salt and low protein, but they don't know in detail. Consult a doctor at the end. Here's a detailed description of the 7 major principles of kidney disease diet.
The key is to control the intake of sodium, if patients with mild disease, good control of salt intake can be (daily not more than 5g); if the disease has been more serious, at the moment in the control and salt intake but also pay attention to the control of other forms of "salt intake" (such as soda biscuits, dried meat floss, surface Steamed Buns).
Early in the illness, patients will lose a lot of protein, has been suffering from kidney disease of the human body needs a large number of proteins to build and restore the function of the body, so now we need to add protein, at the same time this time kidney damage was not too serious, can also afford these proteins. Not eating meat at this time will definitely affect your health.
When the patient's condition is serious, no matter whether the lack of body protein, but the first consideration is the kidney can't afford more protein, eat more can only be a heavier burden on the kidneys, so this can reduce the intake of protein.
Usually the body needs calories from carbohydrates and proteins. When you get sick, the protein has to go back to the body, and also reduce its metabolism to reduce the burden on the kidneys, so you should increase your intake of carbohydrates at this time.
Usually 55-65% of heat comes from staple foods. In order to limit the intake of vegetable protein, wheat starch can be used instead of some cereals. Refers to the removal of the vegetable protein of wheat starch grains, including wheat starch, rice starch, lotus root starch and corn powder etc.. Also available lotus, jelly, vermicelli, potato, sweet potato, yam, taro, pumpkin with high heat, little food instead of some cereal protein.
In urine protein at the same time, patients with kidney disease also out of calcium, iron, zinc and other trace elements, therefore, patients with nephropathy should pay attention to add some vegetables and fruits, but pay attention to potassium content. Blind patients eat high potassium fruits, such as bananas, oranges and so on, can cause hyperkalemia, once life-threatening, suggested that patients with regular monitoring of blood potassium level. In addition most of high potassium vegetable can be boiled water, can remove more than half of the potassium.
Water intake does not simply mean drinking water. Porridge and noodles are also included. For patients with chronic kidney disease, water, soup, porridge and other liquids should also count as water, and its amount depends on the amount of urine for 24 hours. Under normal circumstances, adults have 24 hours of urine between 1500-2000ml. In this context, the general moisture need not be strictly limited to facilitate the excretion of waste.
Bogey fishy, spicy, fried, aquatic products, such as fish, crab, pepper, vinegar and other volatiles in addition also can not eat.
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